In the Hebrew, the title is Shadday (Strong’s H7706), and is always translated Almighty in the KJV. In the Greek, the title is Pantokrator (Strong’s G3841), and is always translated Almighty in the KJV except in Revelation 19:6 where it is rendered omniponent. Who but a Member of the Godhead could such a term refer to?
It may be suspected that this term is used in the Bible to refer to any and all three individual Members of God, and not specifically to any one of them. People often reason that all three Members of the Godhead have infinite power, and thus all of them are “Almighty.” They reason that the awesome term may apply to any Member.
Without questioning the fact that the Father and the Holy Spirit possess infinite power, the following inspired-writings study will seek to present a conclusive weight of evidence suggesting that Jesus and only Jesus rules in the name, Almighty.
From the Beginning to the Ending, the Almighty
The books of Genesis and Job were the first books of the Bible written (Signs of the Times, 2/19/1880, par. 14). We note that 1) in the book of Genesis, God was known to the patriarchs only by the name God Almighty (Exodus 6:3) and 2) the book of Job contains the majority of Biblical references (thirty-one) to “the Almighty” in the Old Testament. Clearly, the first books of the Bible ever written present “God Almighty.”
Divinity declares the end from the beginning. What God does at the beginning is a picture of what He will do at the end. Isaiah 46:10; 42:22.
Thus, we expect the last book of the Bible written to present “God Almighty.” This we find to be the case. With only one exception, all the New Testament references (ten) to the Almighty are in The Revelation of Jesus Christ.
Since the Almighty of Revelation was “declared” by the Almighty of Genesis and Job, once we determine who specifically the Almighty is in Revelation, we will have thereby determined who the Almighty is in the Bible’s beginning books.
The very first chapter of Revelation reveals that Jesus Christ is the Almighty (Revelation 1:8-18). But is He the only Member of the Godhead called by this title in Revelation? The book is clearly focused primarily on Jesus, and the book uses the title “Almighty” more than any other Biblical book except Job; these seemingly disjoint facts are brought together by the reality that the title “Almighty” belongs only to Jesus in Revelation. An examination of each passage containing the word Pantokrator in The Revelation brings us to this conclusion.
Revelation of the Almighty
I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. Revelation 1:8.
Compare this verse with Revelation 1:12-13, 18. The Almighty is the Son of Man who was dead and is alive forevermore.
And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come. Revelation 4:8.
In verses 2 and 3 of the fourth chapter, the One sitting on the throne is given an description unlike any description of Christ, thus He must be the Father since the Holy Spirit is like the wind (John 3:6-8) which has no form. In verse 5, the Spirit makes His appearance in the chapter. The only Member of the Godhead left to be mentioned in this throne-room scene is Christ. Apparently, He is worshiped as the “Lord God Almighty” in verse 8.
Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned. And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth. Revelation 11:17-18.
The Lord God Almighty is said to have “wrath.” This must be the “wrath of the Lamb” (Revelation 6:16).
And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints. Revelation 15:3.
It is the “song of the Lamb” because they sing about the “Lord God Almighty.”
And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus. For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy. And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments. Revelation 16:5-7
Here we see the “Lord God Almighty” as the God which takes vengeance. It is specifically the Savior who takes vengeance (Isaiah 35:4; 59:15-21; 63:1-6, and Revelation 19:11-16).
For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. Revelation 16:14.
The “great day of God Almighty” must be the “great day of [the Lamb’s] wrath” (Rev 6:16-17). God Almighty must be the Lamb.
And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. Revelation 19:15.
Here we see the Word of God treading the winepress of His own wrath.
And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth. Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. Revelation 19:6-7.
Who is the great multitude giving honor to? Clearly the Bridegroom. The “Lord God omnipotent” is the Lamb.
And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. Revelation 21:22.
According to Strong’s, this verse could also be translated, “And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty, even the Lamb is the temple of it.” In light of all prior evidence obtained from Revelation that “the Almighty” only refers to the Lamb, this alternate translation of the verse appears only acceptable as its true meaning.
The above Biblical references to the Pantokrator are all that are found in Revelation, and the context of each indicates Jesus as the Member of God specifically designated by the special title.
Revelation is the last book of the Bible written and it emphasizes that Jesus was, and is, and is to come, the Almighty. Genesis and Job were the first books of the Bible written and they also made especial presentations of “God Almighty.” We have seen in Revelation the evidence that the God they were “declaring” (Isaiah 46:10) was the Lamb, the Son of Man.
Jesus’ special title is God Almighty in both the first and last books of the Bible. That the title Almighty always refers to Jesus throughout the Bible, is thereby strongly suggested.
Two Witnesses of the Almighty
Outside of Revelation, 2 Corinthians 6:18 is the only verse mentioning the Almighty in the NT.
2Co 6:15-18 And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel? And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you, And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
The God who is “the Lord Almighty” in this verse says that He “will be a Father unto you.” Now if this God was actually the Father, why would He state that He would be a Father. This would go without saying. My human father would never say to me, “I will be a father to you,” but if I were fatherless, a loving friend may say this to me. Furthermore, the other passage in the Bible speaking of a mighty God who is also a Father, Isaiah 9:6, is obviouly speaking only of Christ. Even the context (verse 15) of 2 Corinthians 6:18 suggests that “the Lord Almighty” is Christ.
Since every mention of the Almighty in the New Testament shows the title referring to Jesus Christ, and since the New Testament is the ending witness of the “two witnesses” (Revelation 11:3) which make up the Bible, we find the end-from-beginning principle requiring that every mention of the Almighty in the Old Testament, the beginning “witness” of the Bible, also declares that the title refers to none other than Jesus Christ. Thus we find weighty validation that the title Almighty always refers to Jesus throughout the Bible.
Why is He the Almighty?
We saw in “The Cloud” how Jesus is the Great Free Will of the Godhead. What is meant by this is that Jesus is to the Godhead what the will is to a human being.
What is the human will? Ellen White gives us clear light on this:
The will is the governing power in the nature of man, bringing all the other faculties under its sway. The will is not the taste or the inclination, but it is the deciding power, which works in the children of men unto obedience to God, or unto disobedience.
Every child should understand the true force of the will. He should be led to see how great is the responsibility involved in this gift. The will is . . . the power of decision, or choice. Child Guidance, 209.
Notice especially that the will brings “all the other faculties under its sway.” In other writings, Ms. White used the word faculties to describe…
1) The mind and heart or the “spiritual faculties”…all that pertains immediately to man’s consciousness:
The more closely connected man is with the Source of all knowledge and wisdom, the more he will feel that he must advance in intellectual and spiritual attainments. The opening of God’s Word is always followed by a remarkable opening and strengthening of man’s faculties; for the entrance of His words giveth light. By contemplation of great truths, the mind is elevated, the affections purified and refined; for the Spirit of God, through the truth of God, quickens the lifeless spiritual faculties, and attracts the soul heavenward. Ye Shall Receive Power, 113
The youth are swept away by the popular current. Those who learn to love amusement for its own sake open the door to a flood of temptations. They give themselves up to social gaiety and thoughtless mirth. They are led on from one form of dissipation to another, until they lose both the desire and the capacity for a life of usefulness. Their religious aspirations are chilled; their spiritual life is darkened. All the nobler faculties of the soul, all that link man with the spiritual world, are debased. The Adventist Home, 522.
2) The body and all its physical powers and processes.
It is for her own interest, and that of her family, to save herself all unnecessary taxation and to use every means at her command to preserve life, health, and the energies which God has given her; for she will need the vigor of all her faculties for her great work. A portion of her time should be spent out-of-doors, in physical exercise, that she may be invigorated to do her work indoors with cheerfulness and thoroughness, being the light and blessing of the home. The Adventist Home, 251.
The time spent in physical exercise is not lost. . . . A proportionate exercise of all the organs and faculties of the body is essential to the best work of each. When the brain is constantly taxed while the other organs of the living machinery are inactive, there is a loss of strength, physical and mental. The physical system is robbed of its healthful tone, the mind loses its freshness and vigor, and a morbid excitability is the result. The Adventist Home, 251.
Thus, the will brings all the powers of the mind-heart and the body under its sway. Notice from the Child Guidance quote above that the will is the part of us which either obeys God or disobeys Him. It is the component of who we are which is ultimately responsible for all our actions. It is the part of us which cannot be forced.
The tempter has no power to control the will or to force the soul to sin. He may distress, but he cannot contaminate. He can cause agony, but not defilement. The Faith I Live By, 327.
The five senses often force into the human mind-heart uninvited thoughts and feelings. Also, both good and bad supernatural entities may plant into the mind-heart ideas and sensations. Clearly the human body may also be forced by agents of Satan or God. But the devil has no power to force our choice, our will. God will never do this either. The Word says, “Choose you this day whom ye will serve.” Joshua 24:15. It is completely up to us whether or not we will use the independent power of our will to live in harmony with the Great Free Will, that is, live in Jesus Christ.
Every free will, every truly independent power of the universe was made to constantly operate as a perfect expression of some facet of the Godhead’s absolute Will-power, Christ. Jesus is the Power which every other power should live to portray. That is why Jesus is the Almighty.
I am a human, and as such, I am fully composed of 1) a mind-heart, 2) a powerful, independent will, and 3) an electrically-governed body. My mind-heart is seated in the most electric part of my body – my brain. My will also has its seat in my brain. My mind-heart and my will work together to rule, with the scepter of electricity, my entire body from my brain, but my will has the power to request thoughts of my mind, and require actions of my body, it alone is “almighty” over my being.
Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the LORD. Jeremiah 23:24.